Surgeries For Kidney Stone

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma, originates in the kidneys. Risk factors include smoking, obesity, and genetic predisposition. Early detection and advancements in treatment contribute to improved outcomes.


Kidney cancer usually doesn’t have signs or symptoms in its early stages. With time, signs and symptoms may develop, including:

  • Blood in your urine, which may appear pink, red or cola colored
  • Pain in your back or side that doesn’t go away
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Fever


It’s not clear what causes most kidney cancers. Doctors know that kidney cancer begins when some kidney cells develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes tell the cells to grow and divide rapidly. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor that can extend beyond the kidney. Some cells can break off and spread (metastasize) to distant parts of the body.

RIsk Factors

Factors that can increase the risk of kidney cancer include:

  • Older age
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Treatment for kidney failure
  • Certain inherited syndromes
  • Family history of kidney cancer


Taking steps to improve your health may help reduce your risk of kidney cancer. To reduce your risk, try to:

  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Control high blood pressure